A model for sustainable management of water infrastructure in Ugandan refugee settlements and hosting areas

Action Against Hunger commissioned this study to provide recommendations to the Ugandan humanitarian water sector on the most appropriate management system for refugee hosting districts for long-term sustainability, taking into account projected life-cycle costs (capital expenditure, operation and maintenance – O&M – and capital maintenance expenditure – CapManEx). This report should be viewed as a complement to an earlier and broader scoping study commissioned by Oxfam. This study, however, focuses on water supplies in two refugee hosting districts (Arua and Kiryandongo) and provides a review of existing O&M approaches and lessons learnt, and reports on existing water infrastructure systems in the focus districts. In consultation with key stakeholders, a management model for long-term sustainability of the water infrastructure in refugee hosting area was developed, drawing on the recommendations within the Oxfam study, and presented at a dissemination workshop 6th of March 2018. As part of the development process of the model, the potential of Cash Based Incentives and the role of possible commercial orientated actors in managing the water systems were explored.

Goals

  • To provide a review of existing O&M approaches and lessons learnt, including the development of an evaluative matrix to compare different operational models for their suitability for the refugee-hosting context and sustainability.
  • To report on the existing water infrastructure systems in Arua  and Kiryandongo districts, with the focus on Arua, with particular emphasis on the life cycle costs of different infrastructures (notably solar only piped systems; hybrid; diesel only and handpumps).
  • To develop, in consultation with key stakeholders, a management model for long-term sustainability of the water infrastructure in refugee hosting areas, taking into consideration the capacity and interest of the private sector and social enterprises, the mode of payment, the introduction of cash transfers for the most vulnerable and recommendations on the infrastructure technology.
  • To host a dissemination workshop with key stakeholders.

Activities

  • 5 week study in refugee and hosting settlements in Arua and Kiryandongo district
  • Workshop with humanitarian organisations, ministry of Water and Environment and donors.
  • Delivery of report

Budget

18000 USD

Results

  • An important component of the study  was to review existing water management models for their suitability in refugee settlements and their hosting districts. An accompanying evaluative database is presented along-side this present study, which provides a comprehensive comparison of seven current models.
  • Business case calculations for diesel only systems, a solar only system and hybrid powered system as well as the business case of sub-county level provision of handpumps have been conducted.
  •  A management model for the long-term sustainability of the water infrastructure in refugee hosting areas has been developed that takes into consideration the capacity and interest of the private sector and social enterprises, the mode of payment; livelihood potential, the introduction of cash transfers for the most vulnerable and recommendations on the infrastructure technology.
Status
Closed
Period
2018
clients
partner